The news: A new scientific study from Princeton researchers Martin Gilens and Benjamin I. Page has finally put some science behind the recently popular argument that the United States isn’t a democracy any more. And they’ve found that in fact, America is basically an oligarchy.
An oligarchy is a system where power is effectively wielded by a small number of individuals defined by their status called oligarchs. Members of the oligarchy are the rich, the well connected and the politically powerful, as well as particularly well placed individuals in institutions like banking and finance or the military.
For their study, Gilens and Page compiled data from roughly 1,800 different policy initiatives in the years between 1981 and 2002. They then compared those policy changes with the expressed opinion of the United State public. Comparing the preferences of the average American at the 50th percentile of income to what those Americans at the 90th percentile preferred, as well as the opinions of major lobbying or business groups, the researchers found out that the government followed the directives set forth by the latter two much more often.
It’s beyond alarming. As Gilens and Page write, “the preferences of the average American appear to have only a minuscule, near-zero, statistically non-significant impact upon public policy.” In other words, their statistics say your opinion literally does not matter.
That might explain why mandatory background checks on gun sales supported by 83% to 91% of Americans aren’t in place, or why Congress has taken no action on greenhouse gas emissions even when such legislation is supported by the vast majority of citizens.
This problem has been steadily escalating for four decades. While there are some limitations to their data set, economists Thomas Piketty and Emmanuel Saez constructed income statistics based on IRS data that go back to 1913. They found that the gap between the ultra-wealthy and the rest of us is much bigger than you would think…
My second commission! My good friend pepperminterasers made these amazing Journey sprites, and asked me to make them into perlers, so I did. :3
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VIII. STRENGTH is often associated with self-control, patience, composure, stability, perseverance, moderation, serenity, comprehension, discipline, and inner strength. The arcana is routinely illustrated with a young woman and a lion, with the woman having control over the lion.
I love this set that you’re doing so much
make a little birdhouse in your soul
Cleaning out my folders and reminding myself to post things. Before I go back to posting too much anime, some old old old Final Fantasy doodles I’ve finally admitted to myself that I’m not going to finish.
Scrolling through the FF6 tag and I’m like “oh hey that looks familiar.” Augh you already know I adore your art but these ones are super great.
!! 500+ followers already, thanks for your support! im…. doki.. _(://3
Hello!! My name is Angelica and I’m taking character commissions!
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“Ax? It’s not a hologram,” Rachel said.
<Then…we are underwater? Protected only by badly made human plastic?>
<Why do you humans do things like this?>
|—||Book #15: The Escape, pg. 80 (by K.A. Applegate)|
This chapters golden.
This is beautiful.
I’m super late responding but ahh thank you! I think I’ve seen that link before but I was looking for it since it’s a really interesting read. Anyone who is interested in FF6 should give it a look.